General Information

International

General Information

Norway is a country located in western Scandinavia and shares its eastern border with Sweden, its north-eastern border with Finland, and has a myriad of fjords on its western side.

As evident by the indescribably complicated land features formed by the fjords, Norway is a nation with strong natural colours. Apart from the fjords, Norway's landscapes all differ depending on their location, and offer a wide variety of fascinating areas like hiking trails, Stave Churches constructed during the age of the Vikings, and restaurants that boast fresh seafood.

Up north, you will find a unique selection of towns like Nordkapp, the northernmost cape, or the beautiful Lofoten, called the photogenic lands, and Tromsø, a town of the northernmost university.

History

The unification of Norway was accomplished by King Harold Fair Hair (reigned from about 900 to 940). Norway experienced new heights of prosperity in the 13 th century, but in 1319 the country came under the rule of Sweden when Haakon V (reigned from 1299 to 1319) died without a male heir and his daughter had married into the Swedish royal family.

In 1397, the Kalmar Union was formed and Norway, along with Denmark and Sweden, formed a United Kingdom. However, the kingdom was virtually under the rule of Denmark. Although independence movements were initiated, they were soon suppressed by Denmark. Norway, along with Denmark, allied itself with France during the Napoleonic Wars but suffered a crushing defeat. Owing to this loss, Denmark had to cede Norway to Sweden. From this point, the Norwegian independence movement gained momentum.

In 1814 it established its own constitution, but as a result, was forced into a union with Sweden.However, the 1830 July Revolution in France rekindled the Norwegian spirit of liberalism and nationalism. The simultaneous development of Norway's economy and industry gave the country the potential of becoming a major nation. This increased the aggressiveness of independence movements and Norway finally succeeded in separating from Sweden in 1905.

After gaining its independence, Norway recognized Prince Carl from Denmark as their king and established limited monarchy. Although Norway maintained neutrality during the First World War as did Denmark, it was occupied by Germany during the Second World War.

Norway is famous for its aggressive resistance movements while under the occupation of Germany. After the war, Norway became a member of NATO. On the other hand, it has been reluctant to join the EC and is currently still not a member of the EU.

Geography

With a gross area of 387, 000km2, some of Norway's major geographical features include deep fjords, substantial mountains, protruding rocks of coastline and the smooth expanse of farmland. Located on western coast of Scandinavia, Norway is open to the Norwegian Sea on its west and the North Sea on its south. Bearing a north to south latitude that practically matches the length from Oslo, its capital, to Rome in Italy, Norway is the longest country in Europe.

Population

Norway has approximately 4.6 million inhabitants and the capital is called Oslo (0.8 million

Language

The national language is Norwegian, however most people speak English.

Religion

88% of the population is Lutheran evangelical Christian, which is the state religion.

Government

Constitutional monarchy. The head of state is King Harald V. A proportional representation system is adopted for the election and the head of the main political party is elected prime minister.

Industry

With a long history as a maritime state, its fishery industry is the most active. In addition, oil-related industries are also developing after the discovery of the North Sea oil fields in the 1960s.

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