General Information

International

General Information

History

It is believed that King Harold Bluetooth, who reigned from 935 to 985, was the first to unite Denmark and to Christianize the country. In the first half of the 11 th century, King Knute annexed Norway and Sweden, forming the "Northern Sea Empire". Although the empire was dissolved in 1042, Denmark continued to maintain its power and Queen Margrethe, who became its leader in 1397, enacted a triple alliance between Denmark, Norway, and Sweden called the Kalmar Union.Denmark enjoyed its golden era during the time of Christian IV, who reigned from 1588 to 1648, but continual wars with Sweden previous to this period caused strain on the economy and an eventual decline in national strength.

The emergence of Napoleon at the beginning of the 19 th century saw an outbreak of wars throughout Europe. Denmark took sides with France and fought against Great Britain, suffering a stunning defeat and the loss of practically everything. Absolute monarchy came to an end in Denmark in 1849 with the enactment of an independent constitution. A National Movement begun by Enrico Dalgas during this time served as a turning point for Denmark, leading the country to recovery.

During the First World War, Denmark maintained neutrality. Although Denmark signed a mutual nonaggression treaty with its neighbour, Germany, it was invaded by the German army in 1940 and fell under its domination. After being released in 1945, a liberation government was founded and Denmark became a member of NATO and eventually abandoned its nonalignment policy.

In the 1950s, Denmark experienced a change from an agricultural country to an industrial country and, in 1973, became the first Northern European country to become a member of the EC. In addition, Denmark has since the 1960's enacted social welfare policies in a vigorous manner, establishing a sophisticated welfare system at an early stage and serving as a role model of other countries.

Geography

Denmark is the smallest and southernmost of the three countries that make up Scandinavia, sharing a border with Germany, extending to the continent of Europe. Comprised of Jylland, Sjælland, Fyn, and over 400 other islands, Denmark is open to the North Sea on its west and the Baltic Sea on its east. Its gross area, excluding its territory of Greenland and Faeroe, is 43,000km2 and its highest peak is Yding Skovhøj with an altitude of 173m. Although Denmark does not bear high mountains or great rivers, its landscape of hills, forests, and other aspects are rich in variation.

Population

It lives approximately 5.43 million in Denmark and the capital is called Copenhagen (1.83 million)

Language

The national language is Danish, however, most people speak English

Religion

88.9% of the population is Lutheran evangelical Christian, which is also the state religion.

Government

Constitutional monarchy. The head of state is Queen Margrethe II. The head of the main political party is elected as the prime minister. Greenland and Faeroe enjoy the right of self-government.

Industry

Denmark is famous for being an exporter of cheese and other dairy products in addition to farm products. Well-known corporations include Lego and the ceramics company, Royal Copenhagen.

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